Франція. Le Roman Du Renard

 

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Le Roman Du Renard

 

 

Pentecôte, l’aimable fête, était venue ; les champs et les bois étaient verts et fleuris ; sur les hauteurs et les collines, dans les bosquets et les buissons, les oiseaux, nouvellement éveillés, gazouillaient leurs joyeuses chansons ; chaque prairie se jonchait de fleurs dans les vallons embaumés ; le ciel serein, la terre diaprée, brillaient avec un air de fête.

Noble, le roi, assemble sa cour, et ses vassaux, convoqués, se hâtent d’accourir en grande pompe ; beaucoup de fiers personnages arrivent de toutes parts :

Lutke, la grue, et Markart, le geai, et tous les meilleurs. Car le roi veut tenir cour plénière avec tous ses barons. Il les fait convoquer tous ensemble, aussi bien les grands que les petits. Nul ne devait y manquer, et pourtant quelqu’un y manqua : ce fut Reineke, le renard, le fripon, qui, pour ses nombreux méfaits, s’abstint de paraître à la cour. Comme la mauvaise conscience craint le jour et la lumière, le renard craignait les seigneurs assemblés. Tous avaient à se plaindre : il les avait tous offensés, et il n’épargnait que Grimbert, le blaireau, le fils de son frère.

 

Ysengrin, le loup, fit sa plainte le premier. Accompagné de tous ses cousins et partisans, de tous ses amis, il se présenta devant le roi et fit sa déclaration juridique :

« Très-honoré seigneur et roi, entendez mes griefs. Vous êtes noble et grand et honorable ; vous faites à chacun justice et grâce : soyez donc aussi touché du dommage que Reineke, le renard, m’a fait souffrir avec grande honte ; mais, avant tout, ayez pitié de ma femme, qu’il a tant de fois outragée insolemment, et de mes enfants, qu’il a maltraités. Hélas ! il les a souillés d’immondices, d’ordures corrosives, tellement que j’en ai trois encore à la maison qui sont au martyre, dans une cruelle cécité. À la vérité, tout le crime est notoire depuis longtemps ; un jour était même fixé pour faire droit à ces plaintes. Il offrait de prêter serment ; mais bientôt il a changé de résolution, et s’est enfui au plus vite dans son fort. C’est là ce que savent trop bien toutes les personnes ici présentes à mes côtés. Seigneur, quatre semaines ne me suffiraient pas pour conter brièvement les souffrances que le drôle me prépare. Quand toute la toile de Gand, autant que l’on en fabrique, serait changée en parchemin, elle ne contiendrait pas tous ses mauvais tours, et je les passe sous silence. Mais le déshonneur de ma femme me dévore le cœur : je le vengerai, quoi qu’il puisse arriver. »

Quand Ysengrin eût parlé de la sorte, le cœur affligé, un petit chien, qui se nommait Wackerlos, s’avança et dit au roi, en français, comme quoi il était pauvre, et qu’il ne lui était resté rien qu’un petit morceau de saucisse dans un buisson dépouillé ; que cependant Reineke le lui avait pris. Le chat, en colère, s’élança et parut à son tour. Il dit :

« Noble maître, nul ne doit se plaindre des offenses du scélérat plus que le roi lui-même. Je vous le dis, il n’est personne dans cette assemblée, jeune ou vieux, à qui ce misérable ne cause plus de crainte que vous. Cependant la plainte de Wackerlos est futile. Il y a des années que l’affaire s’est passée. C’est à 

moi que la saucisse appartenait. J’aurais dû faire alors ma plainte. J’étais allé à la chasse. Sur mon chemin, je visitai un moulin pendant la nuit. La meunière dormait : je dérobai sans bruit une petite saucisse, je dois l’avouer. Si Wackerlos avait sur elle quelque droit, il le devait à mon industrie. »

 

 

La panthère dit à son tour :

« Que servent les paroles et les plaintes ? elles sont de peu d’effet : le mal est assez notoire. Reineke est un voleur, un meurtrier. Je puis l’affirmer hardiment. Les seigneurs le savent bien ; point d’attentats qu’il ne commette. Quand tous les nobles, quand l’auguste monarque lui-même, perdraient l’honneur et les biens, il s’en rirait, s’il y gagnait seulement un morceau de chapon gras. Sachez comme il maltraita hier Lampe, le lièvre. Le voici, le pauvret, qui n’a lésé personne. Reineke fit le dévot et voulait l’instruire en tout point brièvement, et de ce qui concerne l’office de chapelain. Ils s’assirent l’un devant l’autre et commencèrent le Credo. Mais Reineke ne put renoncer à ses anciennes ruses. Durant la paix de notre roi et le sauf-conduit, il saisit Lampe avec ses ongles et tirailla traîtreusement le brave homme. Je vins à passer sur la route et j’entendis leur chant, qui, à peine commencé, fut interrompu. Je prêtai l’oreille et je fus bien surpris ; mais, quand j’arrivai, je reconnus Reineke sur- le-champ. Il avait pris Lampe au collet, et lui aurait sans doute arraché la vie, si, par bonheur, je n’étais pas survenu. Le voilà. Considérez les blessures du brave homme, que nul ne songe à offenser. Si notre maître veut souffrir, seigneur, si vous voulez permettre que la paix du roi, sa lettre et son sauf-conduit soient insultés par un brigand, oh ! le roi et ses enfants entendront longtemps encore les reproches des gens qui aiment le droit et la justice. »

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